What is Adult Depression?
Depression is a serious mood disorder. It can affect the way you act, think and feel. Depression is a common problem among adults, affecting an estimated 19.4 million or 7.8% of all US adults per year (2019 estimate). Clinical depression is not a normal part of aging and is not normal daily sadness or “off days”. If one experienced depression as a teenager you may be more likely to have depression as an adult.
The following is a list of common symptoms.
- Persistent sad or “empty” mood
- Crying spells
- Isolating from family or friends, not answering phone calls
- Feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, or worthlessness
- Guilt either about feeling depressed or past events
- Loss of interest in once pleasurable activities or avoidance of pleasurable activities
- Decreased energy, fatigue or lethargy
- Moving or talking very slowly
- Difficulty focusing, concentrating, or making decisions
- Difficulty sleeping, especially falling asleep, waking up too early in the morning, or waking in the middle of the night
- Eating less than usual, often times just no “appetite”
- Poor attention to cleaning, cooking, bathing one self
- Thoughts of suicide, death or that life may not be worth living anymore
There are several types of depression that adults may experience:
- Major Depressive Disorder: includes multiple symptoms as above lasting at least two weeks and interfere with a person’s life
- Dysthymia: a depressed mood that lasts more than two years, but the person can still function (work, raise children, cook, clean) unlike someone with Major Depressive Disorder
- Substance/Medication-Induced Depressive Disorder: depression due to the use of substances, like alcohol, drugs or pain medication
- Depressive Disorder Due to A Medical Condition: depression that is secondary to a medical illness, like heart disease, COPD, hypothyroidism or chronic pain.
- Psychotic Depression
- Postpartum Depression
- Seasonal affective Depression